English as a Second Language (ESL) is the teaching of English to foreign language learners whose first language is not English. English is the most widely spoken language in the world and is used in all areas of life, from international communication to literature. Foreign language learners come to English with various educational backgrounds, nationalities, and ages. Due to the international nature of modern society, many schools offer English as a Second Language programs. Many English as a Second Language programs are certified for international communication. For example, the University of Michigan has an accredited English language program for China. In these situations, non-native speakers can quickly become fluent in their second language.
Every school develops its own ELL curriculum to meet particular needs. Some factors that determine the type of ELL curriculum include the age and level of the students, whether there are special needs such as disabilities or poverty, and whether students have prior knowledge of English. Teachers must first understand their students’ learning styles and strengths so that they can customize lessons for each individual. Teachers also need to consider cultural factors when planning lessons. For example, some Asian countries have strict social norms regarding how people speak, so lessons must be tailored for those cultures’ members rather than all foreigners.
To effectively teach English to ELL students, teachers must first understand ELL students’ needs. Although there is no scholarly research indicating what specific factors make ELL students’ unique difficult-to- Teach them, there are some common threads that most teachers agree on when working with this population. One is that ELL students have different learning styles than native English speakers. According to one study, ELL students learn best through teacher-led dialogues; they find lectures boring and will only understand about half of what they hear. Therefore, it’s important for ELL teachers to listen carefully and ask questions when teaching new concepts so that their students can easily comprehend what they’re saying.
ELL teachers should use a wide range of techniques to ensure comprehension in their classes. Teachers can use visual aids such as Powerpoint presentations or handouts to help non-native speakers understand new vocabulary and concepts. Another technique is using mnemonics – memory tricks – when preparing teaching materials such as lesson plans and textbooks. Some techniques include segmenting repeating information into groups so that listeners can more easily retain it and linking similar items together in memory so that listeners can identify patterns in unfamiliar speech sounds.
Teachers understand how to effectively teach ESL to ELL students through creative lesson planning and culturally sensitive methods. Everyone involved in ELL learning – parents, schools, and government -should work together to ensure that all new English speakers receive an adequate education in their second language.