ESL Reading Comprehension and ESL Sight Words

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An ESL newcomers curriculum must including Reading and Sight Words.  This will allow the student for continous improvement.

ESL Reading Comprehension is an exercise for the mind. It helps kids calm down and relax, opening doors of new knowledge to enlighten their minds. ESL Kids who read grow up to have better cognitive skills.
Reading is good for everyone, not only children or young adults. On the internet you will find many lists with up to 30 reasons why reading is important. Here I limit myself to 15 thoroughly substantiated reasons.

Reading improves vocabulary

Even as adults, when we read, we come across many new words we never really heard of. And we learn from this. As you read, you come across new words, phrases and writing styles.
This is even more so for young people. Children sometimes stumble over their words, do not know how to pronounce them or what they mean. By reading, young people encounter new words more frequently and sometimes repetitively and therefore can see them better in their context. If you then pay attention to the pronunciation as a parent, these children will be better prepared for school.

 

Better comprehension

Kids who are encouraged to read at an early age have better ESL comprehension of things around them. They develop smart thinking abilities and are more receptive to creativity and ideas that other kids their age lack. As a result, they grow up to be a good deal more intelligent and aware of their surroundings than kids who don’t read.
The more you read, the more imaginative you become. Whenever you read a fiction book, it takes you another world. In the new world, your imagination works at its best as you try to see things in your own mind.

Develops critical thinking skills

One of the primary benefits of ESL reading comprehensio is its ability to develop critical thinking skills. What elements are there in a story to make this or that conclusion. Or if a book is non-fiction you will sometimes ak yourself if the author is right. Critical thinking skills are crucial when it comes to making important day to day decisions. Reading requires an individual to think and process information in a way that watching television can’t. The more you read, the deeper your understanding becomes about what you’re reading and its application.

Improves memory

Every time you read a book, you have to remember the setting of the book, the characters, their backgrounds, their history, their personalities, the sub-plots and so much more. As your brain learns to remember all this, your memory becomes better. What’s more, with every new memory you create, you create new pathways and this strengthens the existing ones.

Improves results at school

Kids who indulge in reading book and learning new things do better at school. They are more creative, open to new ideas, and develop empathy for others. For instance, kids who read about heroes idolize them, kids who love reading anatomy books dream of becoming a doctor, etc. They learn to empathize with characters in the books and want to be like them. Not only that, they learn valuable life lessons such as helping others and being kind. Moral codes such as goods things will be appreciated and evils punished take root in their minds too, as a result of which they learn to stay away from trouble.

Improves analytical skills

Figuring out how the story was going to end before finishing the book means you utilized your analytical skills. Reading allows your thinking skills to become more developed in the sense that you consider all aspects.

Builds confidence

In a world where competition in every walk of life prevails, we need to build a child’s personality as to have considerable confidence in themselves. Kids who lack confidence in their early stages often grow up to be shy, and at times suicidal, since they develop a victim mentality owing to the lack of confidence in their own self. They find it hard to face even the smallest of challenges life throws at them, instead simply giving up. Reading books sharpens many skills and all together they’ll build confidence.

ESL Sight Word List Words That Give Reading Power


Children in their first years at school, who learn the sight word list below, will have an excellent start to reading and writing.

Initially this process takes time, often months. That’s why teachers introduce lists like this to children, gradually, when they first start school. But it doesn’t hurt them to recognise a few words before then, if they are ready to learn them.

ESL Sight Word List

The list of sight words below is broken into groups.  Each group consists of 10 words.

There are several lists available for teachers to use. But they are virtually identical as they are composed of words children most frequently use.

The list below covers 80 of the first sight words your child will need to know.

The trick is to ensure your child recognises the words in one group before starting another. But as I mentioned before, this doesn’t happen immediately. So don’t feel you need to put pressure on your child or you’ll switch off their desire to learn. If you’re helping them at home, keep it light.

At the end of this article I will explain how you can gently introduce some of these words to your child so they learn them without pressure.

Don’t be concerned if your child finds the list below too difficult at this stage. They may only manage the first group of words. Or they may not be  ready for them at all. If that’s the case, wait for their teacher to guide you.


One


I

am

are

can

is

go

he

my

see

the

Two


and

Mum

of

look

said

for

to

in

you

me

Three


come

like

boy

little

this

play

big

have

me

saw

Four


run

Dad

down

good

here

you

on

was

red

blue


Five


her

out

she

why

yes

into

when

will

with

down

Six


green

man

one

do

home

out

get

black

going

after

Seven


after

girl

had

stop

two

brown

did

be

who

make

Eight


mother

school

over

under

know

walk

again

could

first

put


More About Sight Words

Your child needs to learn these word by sight rather than decode them. That means they may need to see them many, many times in order to memorise them.

You may be asking yourself about now

  •  what exactly is a sight word?
  •  why are they so important in reading?
  •  how do you know what is a sight word and when do you sound out a word?

If you want to know more, click on my article What Are Sight Words? There you’ll get answers you need. At the same time you’ll see how it’s affected an adult student of mine who hasn’t ever known them!

Introducing Them To Your Child

Here’s a great way to introduce sight words.

  • Print off two copies of the sight word list.
  • Cut two copies of the group One words starting the word ‘I’.
  • Cut each of the words individually.
  • Place one set of the words in front of your child. You keep the other.
  • Hold up one of the words
  •  Read it to your child and ask them to find the matching word. (They will study the shape of the letters and hear the word associated with them.)
  • When they find the matching word, repeat the word. Say: “Yes, that word says ……  Can you tell me what the word says?” (This reinforces and matches in their brain the visual appearance of the word with how the word sounds.)

Play this game often and you’ll find your child will become increasingly comfortable with these words. Gradually they will memorise them. They will then build up an invaluable bank of everyday words for reading and writing.

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